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Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Dry Skin Causes, Symptoms, and What is the Treatment

The article is addressing all about Dry Skin Causes, Symptoms, and What is the Treatment.


Dry skin is a very common dermatological condition, sometimes going beyond a simple aesthetic problem. Dry skin often occurs for a whole season, for example in winter or in summer. This is usually a chronic skin condition.


Our skin plays a protective role against external aggression and helps to interact with the environment (other living organisms, heat, cold, UV rays, trauma ...). When the skin presents a problem, for example, if it becomes dry, these physiological functions can be diminished.

People with dry skin naturally have less fat in the outer layer of the skin, which causes a significant loss of water (dehydration) and makes the skin more sensitive. 

Many factors are responsible for dry skin such as the sun, cold air, and wind, too frequent exposure to water (e.g. bath, shower, pool), taking baths and showers too hot, the use of certain soaps, taking certain medications or aging.

Dry skin can also have genetic origins as well as more serious diseases such as hypothyroidism, psoriasis, contact eczema, etc.

Dry skin is characterized by itching (especially at the beginning, at the time of appearance), irritation, thin skin, often pink or white skin color and cracks.

It is important to treat dry skin to prevent pain and the formation of wounds, possibly leading to infections. In the long term, in addition to being the consequence, dry skin can also be the cause and promote the appearance of more serious diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis or eczema.

The main treatment is based on the use of moisturizing creams that are available in various galenic forms (cream, lotions, ointments, oils) based on several substances such as paraffin, petrolatum, urea, dexpanthenol, etc. Ask your pharmacist or dermatologist for advice to help you find the best treatment.

To prevent dry skin, it is important to respect certain rules such as avoiding taking too many hot showers or baths, using a neutral soap, applying sunscreen during sun exposure, drinking plenty of liquid (more than 1.5 liter per day) or use a humidifier when the air is dry, as is often the case in winter.


Dry skin is characterized by a decrease in fat (lipid layer of the skin) especially on the outer layer (epidermis) of the skin.

This results in a significant loss of water because the lipid barrier can no longer play its protective role and is no longer impermeable to water.

We understand why we talk about dry skin because there is really a dehydration (loss of water), often accompanied by a greater sensitivity to risks of irritation and infections.

Remember that the skin has two main functions: the physical barrier and interaction with the environment. Any problem in the skin, such as dry skin, can affect the functions of the skin.

It is important to care for dry skin to avoid unnecessary pain or itching, skin infections (dry skin promotes the entry of infectious agents) as well as long-term complications: that is, to say dermatoses like atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis), eczema or psoriasis.


The causes of dry skin are varied:

- Particular atmospheric conditions: sun, cold, dry air (especially in winter in overheated apartments), winter wind, pollution, etc.

- Too much bathing or showering.Indeed, by dint of exposure to water is removed the protective layers of the skin, resulting in dry skin.

- The use of a too basic soap (alkaline) and products containing alcohol in the galenic form.

- Heredity: some people have genetically less lipid in the outer layer of the skin. For example, people with black skin tend to have dry skin.

- hormonal problems

- Age, with the years (the elderly), the skin naturally becomes drier.

Children also have naturally drier skin because they do not yet produce sex hormones.


The symptoms of dry skin are often easy to see. The skin is often rosacea or white sometimes associated with cracks as well as with scales. There is usually a lot of itching that often leads to pain.

Dry skin makes the skin thinner, more robust and more sensitive to weather conditions (cold, dry weather, hot weather) but also to the use of unsuitable products. There is often a loss of elasticity.

Regularly a vicious circle settles because by dint of scratching one increases the pains and when one has the bad one wants to scratch, from where the interest to treat the most effective and the quickest problems of dry skin.

The symptoms are often temporary or seasonally related, for example, a person may suffer from dry skin every winter but not during other seasons.


Dry skin treatment general, dry skin is treated with preparations for use externally (topically), but for guaranteed effectiveness, it is important that the active agents of these products penetrate the skin. In other words, they must not remain on the surface but must enter the skin tissues to be active.

There are many ointments, lotions, creams or oily baths on sale in pharmacies to grease the skin and therefore fight against dry skin:

These drugs often contain a fatty base such as paraffin (paraffin oil), propylene glycol petrolatum or glycerin.

For each type of skin, a different preparation is recommended.

These preparations often contain disinfectant molecules (dexpanthenol, urea, chlorhexidine, polidocanol) and/or keratolytic, desquamating, softening the horny layers of the epidermis (for example based on urea of 1 to 10%) to allow action even more effective thanks to a curative effect. 

Urea may increase the level of hydration of the skin by 60%. Urea-based creams or ointments are therefore strongly recommended for dry skin 

In advanced or severe cases of dry skin, the use of oil (eg baby oil) may be helpful. The oil is more effective than moisturizing preparations on sale in pharmacy or on the market to fight against dry skin. 

In case of itching or severe pain, you can also use a cream or ointment based on at least 1% hydrocortisone. The goal is to reduce inflammation. 

Ask a specialist for advice on finding the best preparation for your skin type. 

Grandma's Remedies (Natural Remedies)

- Sweet almond oil- Olive oil (for those who wash their hands often) 

- Cream of elder flowers (ideal in case of chapped skin) 

- Aloe gel. Apply the gel directly to the dry skin, repeat several times a day if necessary. 

- Coconut oil 

Medicinal plants

The medicinal plants below have been effective against dry skin: 

Also, consider using sweet almond oil to treat dry skin. 

- Evening primrose (evening primrose oil), take in the form of cream, ointment or capsule. 

-evening primrose against dry skin 

-Borage (borage oil), take in the form of a cream, 

- Aloe, to take in the form of cream or ointment. 

- True chamomile, to take in the form of cream or ointment. 

- Soy (soybean oil), to take in the form of cream, 

- against dry skin - Ylang-ylang, in the form of essential oil 


Author’s Bio

My name is William Jacob and I am a professional writer. After completing my study I started my career as a blogger and as a writer. I am 5 stars rated author at Holy Pakistan. I have 4-years experience of writing in different niches like health, travel, lifestyle, business.


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