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Monday, December 25, 2017

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Bulimia Nervosa in Teenagers

Bulimia Nervosa is actually a mental illness to self-induced vomiting to prevent weight gain while on other side also consuming large amounts of food.


Bulimia Nervosa





The situation of mental illness is severe due to the stigma attached to it. In several countries this topic is taboo. Conservative cultures encourage denial over treatment making it worse for the patients. Psychological disorders like bulimia nervosa worsen the more they are left untreated. What people don’t realize is that mental illnesses can be just as fatal as diseases like cancer.

Unfortunately, bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that is disturbingly common among teenagers. This should concern everyone because every person knows at least one teenager around them as family, friend, neighbor or colleague. It is extremely important for parents of teenagers in particular to learn to recognize the warning signs of such eating disorders. While every case has to be tackled individually, full recovery is definitely possible with the proper attention and care.

Types of Bulimia Nervosa

First, it’s important to understand the two different kinds of this illness so the right course of action may be taken without risking the health of the patient. The main difference between them lies in the habit of purging. The first type involves removing content from the stomach and intestines by self induced vomiting or medication. The second type involves eating abnormally/ less/ fasting or doing excessive exercise to burn off all the calories gained.

Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa

  • If you suspect that a teenager is afflicted with this illness, monitor them closely around meal times. Their attitude towards food is very different from a normal person. Even if you’re not a foodie you view food as a means of sustenance and not a source of your problems. They feel nervous while dining and are extremely conscious about what they eat.
  • Someone who’s obsessed with food in a negative way also develops strange habits which should ring alarm bells right away. Patients start stealing food or hording it away in a hidden spot. Many of them are prone to binge eating followed by purging.
  • Purging is a glaring sign and one that quite easily detectable. However, remember that a non-purging type of Bulimia Nervosa exists as well as mentioned before. The patient will feel the urge to induce vomit and try to rush to the bathroom during and after a meal. This means that you’ll also be able to smell vomit on them. Purging frequently also leads to a sore throat at any time of the year.
  • An extended sign of purging is the state of the patient’s teeth. Throwing up almost every meal time has a deteriorating effect on the teeth. Stomach acid is hydrochloric acid (pH 2.0) which is quite high and damages the enamel of the teeth. It turns them yellow and there’s no way around it. They may develop cavities and suffer from bleeding gums.
  • Weakness is a major symptom of Bulimia Nervosa because of the terrible nutritional state of the body. The wrong kind of nutrients may be consumed or the body may lack the basic nutrition it requires to function daily. Always feeling tired and dizzy is quite normal in bulimic individuals. Their muscles might cramp often and might even suffer from blurred vision and spells of fainting.
  • The digestive system of a bulimic individual is disturbed so they develop problems there. Constipation and diarrhea are not uncommon. Indigestion, bloating and nausea are common. They probably get frequent cramps from purging as well.
  • Since their condition makes them secretive, patients want to be alone most of the time. They become anti-social withdrawing even from close friends and family. You’ll notice a drastic change in their personality and they will experience mood swings too.
  • Patients become depressed and resort to risky behavior which is uncharacteristic of them. They might start doing drugs or develop a habit of stealing. Trying to forget their worries by consuming excessive alcohol is also common.
  • Bulimic females end up creating a hormonal imbalance in their bodies. Their body cannot bear monthly menstruation and their periods stop occurring while they’re still malnourished.
People who have a family history of mental illnesses have a higher chance of becoming bulimic. It’s important to keep an eye on teenagers especially if they show signs of depression. It should never be considered a phase but dealt with seriously.

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